Plenary Sessions

Canada’s Critical Mineral Strategy?


Andrew Ghattas

Natural Resources Canada

Andrew has over 13 years policy experience with the Canadian Government in a variety of roles.

He joined Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) in 2020 as Director of the Critical Minerals Task Force, where his team works to develop and implement strategies for Canada on critical minerals, including mechanisms for collaboration with federal, provincial and territorial governments, industry and the U.S., EU, Japan & Australia, to seize emerging opportunities.

Prior to joining NRCan, Andrew was a Senior Policy Advisor at the Privy Council Office, where he led on a variety of economic portfolios including international trade, defence procurement and foreign direct investment. He also managed the Cabinet Committee on Defence Procurement and, more recently, the Cabinet Committee on Operations.

Andrew got his start at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 2007, where he worked on multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations and trade and market access policy, as well as serving as the Advisor to the Assistant Deputy Minister of Programs.

Andrew has a Master Degree in Public Administration Management from Dalhousie University and a Bachelor of Arts in International Development from the University of Guelph.

A Tale of Two Worlds – From the Present World to a Low-Carbon One: The Importance of Metals and the Role of Canada

Metals are central to the global energy transition towards a low-carbon world. For example, copper’s unrivalled electrical properties mean it is essential for all types of renewable energy, while nickel, cobalt and lithium are important battery metals; steel is essential for infrastructure projects. This presentation puts into perspective the importance of these metals and discusses new technologies now under early development to meet the needs of a low-carbon world. This includes new technologies based on green hydrogen as a reductant, high-temperature electrolytic techniques, and other exciting approaches. Canada’s role in providing critical metals is also examined.

Phillip Mackey

Phillip Mackey

P.J. Mackey Technology Inc.

Phillip Mackey is known worldwide as one of Canada’s most prominent metallurgists in the field of non-ferrous extractive metallurgy.

He is one of the few Canadians to have advanced the development of two significant copper smelting technologies that have benefited copper metallurgical plants around the world. He co-developed the Noranda Reactor Process and co-invented the Noranda Converting Process, which has produced more than 4 million tonnes of copper since the late 1990s and remains the world’s third most productive copper converting technology.

In addition, Mackey is a prolific author of technical papers, renowned lecturer, and inspirational mentor of young metallurgists. Mackey mentored the next generation of metallurgists as a professor at Laurentian University in Sudbury, and as a Special Lecturer at McGill University in Montreal.

He is a strong supporter of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (CIM) and is a Past President of the Metallurgy and Materials Society (MetSoc). The Phillip Mackey Symposium was held in his honour at the 2019 Copper Conference in Vancouver.